Investigative Journalists Share their Favorite Reporting Tools

If seeking tools for specific topics or functions, another approach is to browse for tools by category in a comprehensive open source apps dashboard — for instance, the BBC Africa Eye Forensics Dashboard, the Marc Kranat OSINT Dashboard, or Craig Silverman’s Verification Handbook.

And if you need guidance and use-case context on emerging techniques, another great option is to search or browse GIJN’s Tips & Tools library and the GIJN Toolbox series.

But, often, reporters simply stumble upon tools as they go along — whether new or well-known to others or designed for other industries — which over-perform their expectations, and become instant favorites.

How a Purported Fact-Checking Site Spreads Russian Propaganda

MOSCOW, RUSSIA – JUNE 20, 2019: The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin at the annual talk / press conferen with Russian people as seen in live broadcast on many screens.

Soon after Russia invaded Ukraine, a newly-launched fact-checking service called War on Fakes published a piece claiming to debunk the notion that Ukrainians were not waging an information war against Russians.

Not only were Ukrainians spreading “fakes, productions, and misinformation” to depict Russian forces in “an unpleasant way,” the story said, but they were also using professional actors and video editing software to stage images of dead Russian soldiers and destroyed Ukrainian cities.

The information war would intensify, the purported fact-check predicted. Hollywood producers were gathering in Poland and would cross into Ukraine to create more misleading footage. Even American actor Sean Penn was participating in making the fakes, the story claimed, using the filming of a documentary about Ukraine as his cover.

Frustrations Mount at Washington Post as Its Business Struggles

With digital subscriptions and digital advertising revenue stagnating, the company is on a pace to lose money this year.

By Benjamin Mullin and Katie Robertson Aug. 30, 2022

In the years after Jeff Bezos bought The Washington Post in 2013, business boomed. Droves of readers bought digital subscriptions, and the newsroom roughly doubled in size, adding hundreds more journalists.

But The Post’s business has stalled in the past year. As the breakneck news pace of the Trump administration faded away, readers have turned elsewhere, and the paper’s push to expand beyond Beltway coverage hasn’t compensated for the loss.

The organization is on track to lose money in 2022, after years of profitability, according to two people with knowledge of the company’s finances. The Post now has fewer than the three million paying digital subscribers it had hailed internally near the end of 2020, according to several people at the organization. Digital ad revenue generated by The Post fell to roughly $70 million during the first half of the year, about 15 percent lower than in the first half of 2021, according to an internal financial document reviewed by The New York Times.

Fred Ryan, the chief executive and publisher, in recent weeks has floated with newsroom leaders the possibility of cutting 100 positions, according to several people with knowledge of the discussions. The cuts, if they happen, could come through hiring freezes for open jobs or other ways. The newsroom now has about 1,000 people.

Quantum thinking

7 steps to get you from linear thinking to quantum thinking

Pinar Seyhan Demirdag

First of all what the bleep is quantum thinking? And why should we care? Avid readers of my blog know that almost all my articles are about guiding people on how to preserve their dignity, sovereignty, and power in the age of A.I. against all the dark forces who are inviting us to a “final solution” which is the ultimate slavery of humankind in an authoritarian technocracy (too harsh? too soon?). If we want to dodge the technocracy bullet we must learn to leave linear thinking behind and start an existence led by quantum thinking.

Art credit: Void Visuals

Linear thinking is based on a worldview consisting of materialism, linear time, and subconscious imprisonment. It is a life lived in the mind, where we are at the mercy of outside forces. Whereas quantum thinking is a holistic, timeless, thinking model where we activate our creative and dreamer capacity and manifest all our heart’s desires while being in the driving seat of our lives. A person who lives by quantum thinking becomes the master of their life and a population made of these sovereign entities does not accept becoming slaves of autocracy, or a technocracy hence lives as free individuals.

I have been educating myself for the past five years with the help of a teacher who is a black belt equivalent in the art of quantum thinking and here is my ultimate step-by-step guide to a thriving life where we are aligned with the forces of our Aquarian age.

#1 — Embrace the unknown: Being defeated by the routine is to die gradually

This title is borrowed from my favorite sentences from Derya, my teacher. The reason why as humans we are having a hard time getting out of our comfort zone is because of our resistance and our fear of pain and hardship.

“Attempting the mastery of fear is useless. In fact, it asserts the power of fear by the very assumption that it need be mastered. The true resolution rests entirely on mastery through love.” — A Course in Miracles

We are ready to live robotic lives, find excuses to normalize a toxic relationship, and escape to bottomless vacations in IRL and Web3 as long as we are not challenged spiritually. In the face of the unknown, our minds are programmed to create negative scenarios, instead of positive ones. “What if I cannot fund another job when I quit this one?”, “ What if my business does not become successful?”, “What I fail in the test?” are just a few of the baseline linear human existence sentences. Step #1 into a quantum life is to completely surrender to the fear of the unknown and start pairing the unknown with the possibility of greater expansion, abundance, and success.

#2 — Media de-program detox: When we let media and society program us, we never get the chance to know our original selves

Have you ever heard of social engineering? It is the art of molding the minds and belief systems of the masses with strategically planned political stories, civic happenings, and cultural phenomena. We live inside a system that is designed to make us believe that we are awake. If this information resides outside of your comfort zone, you may want to research cognitive dissonance and learn about how as humans we rather perpetuate deeply-held beliefs of lies, than admit that we have been wrong all along. If you are compelled to research social engineering further, I suggest reading the book Tavistock Institue: Social Engineering the Masses by Daniel Estulin.

The biggest perk of social engineering for the ones who are writing the rules of the game is that le peuple gets to become walking zombies, ready to believe anything they see in the news. Malleable, consenting, afraid of being cast away if they think differently than the mass narrative… One day we are vouching for the killing of a faraway dictator whose name we cannot pronounce, the other day we are hating a public figure, wishing him death, only for condescending to the private life of a reality star the next day. We have no idea about the might and capacity of our minds or our consciousness, yet we are so hungry to consume the information that is strategized by engineers of deceptions.

“The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. …We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society. …In almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of persons…who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind.” -Edward Bernays

Until we make a conscious decision to set ourselves free from the mass media hypnosis and programming, we will continue being fed a linear narrative and remain trapped in the Matrix of judgemental prison. Different thinking person equals enemy, enemy equals threat, threat equals war, war equals violence et al. Step #2 is to enter a mass media detox, critically question the validity of any information that is being fed to us, take our time to research different point of views so that we can construct our own opinions with our free will. After all, an unguided mind is the biggest enemy to free thinking.

#3 — Migrate from a materialist to a spiritual POV: Spirituality is the highest capacity of the human

Spirituality is to understand the power of the human spirit and live a life that is guided by it. If your worldview is still based on a materialistic realm where you do not believe in anything unless you see it with your eyes, and when you say “I believe in science” you actually mean Newtonian science that disregards emotions and the spirit… my friend, life is only going to get more complicated, chaotic, and apocalyptic for you. You’ll be measuring yourself with the capacity of your mind only, then AGI will come along and simply make you obsolete. You’ll become a statistic in an analytical-driven reality where your only form of existence will either be a slave to the machines and/or a Web3+∞ escapist as you will be “trusting the data” more than you trust yourself, while zero latency input-output will be your cyber codeine.

In the age of Aquarius, the age of technology and information, the only way to make ourselves relevant is to live lives guided by our hearts, our spirit, and our consciousness, in other words, that which makes us different than the machines. When our decisions are guided by our hearts, even if all the “data” points to a certain solution, we know, inherently, that the answer lies elsewhere.

Like Kurzweil predicts, the rich in the future will be all about augmenting their health, while the poor will be all about curing their illnesses. It is the same with quantum vs linear thinking. Linear thinkers will be stuck in their minds, all about competing with the machines, still hanging at their base chakra survival fears as if it is still 1999. Meanwhile, the rich will be busy expanding their consciousness, dreaming up visions to guide the machines. Being poor in bread in 1999 is something, but being poor in spirit and bread in a technocracy in 2050 is something else. Step #3 towards quantum thinking is to activate the power of our spirit and start living holistic lives guided by the power of our spirit.

#4 — Leave linear time behind: Circular time and timelessness sets us free

Perceiving time as linear is engraved in our DNA so deep that it is hard for our minds to activate the creative lobe in our brain that could imagine what a conception of cyclical time would feel like. The now is the magical timeline of the Creator where miracles happen. I have learned by reading A Course in Miracles by Foundation for Inner Peace that only the time we conceive an idea, a vision is real; only when we break a habit, a belief system, that we “are”. The rest of the time is only a formality.

To understand circular time, we first have to understand karma, how it resides in our subconscious, and how unless we transcend it, we will be stuck in a pattern where we will live, and re-live similar but different experiences, just like a rat in a wheel. Elisabeth Clare Prophet’s book Predict Your Future: Understand the Cycles of the Cosmic Clock helped me a lot in understanding the astrological and subconscious forces that govern “time”.

Quantum physics shows that photons are both a particle and frequency at the same time. As all living organisms emit a constant current of photons, we can skip the academic lingua franca and jump to the conclusion that we humans carry the same properties of photons. What the emir meant to say is that we are, at the same time, who we are atm, while also being our potential. If we live in linear time, where we believe in yesterday, today, and tomorrow, we will have a subconscious tendency to perpetuate the belief systems of yesterday to solve the problems of tomorrow. Meanwhile, a POV of quantum thinking circular time recognizes events as patterns and seeks to find liberation by transcending our judgments and belief systems.

#5— Understand the power of positive thinking: All revolutionaries were optimists who came and said something different than the herd

Another definition for quantum thinking would be “being in the flow”. Have you ever experienced how that feels? Where your heart’s wishes crystallize in no time, you enjoy everything and everyone around you, people get in line as they seek after you, and you are an epicenter of goodness, vision, and creativity.

Honest question: What is your default reaction towards those that the media says do not care about the environment? Or those that have a different opinion than you towards abortion? Or let’s go more micro… how do you feel towards your wife that manipulates and controls you or the boss that constantly tells you what to do? Let me spill it out for you…

Our default reaction to negative events is often anger, judgment, and fear. This certainly contributes nothing to our personal development nor to our ability to do good in the world. When we are angry, we completely forget HR 101, that anger puts people on the defense and it is an invitation to war. When we remain in the vibration of anger, we cannot produce solutions, we only perpetuate chaos and create division in the collective. As Gandhi says: “An eye for an eye makes the world go blind”. This is also valid for the future predictions we do. In step #4, I explained that we are vibrations and a particle at the same time. By imagining negative scenarios for the future, we are simply contributing and consenting to their materialization.

All wars are fought in the energetic realm. If we want to make the world a better place, where we live in the flow, of quantum thinking, where we constantly produce solutions and visions, we must learn to live with positive emotions. We must stop the anger and fear towards ourselves and others.

#6 — Money= your value: Financially rich people understand that there might be the source of all their riches

We are all familiar with folk wisdom such as “your vibe attracts your tribe” and “tell me your friends and I will tell you who you are”. The underlying wisdom beneath these sentences is that the people, materials, and experiences you attract to your life, pair with the same vibration that you radiate. The linear thinking mindset blames others and outside forces for the end results, making sentences such as “They do not give me jobs”, “He has taken my money”, “They did not award me the contract”, and “The financial crash took all my money” a norm… Whereas a quantum thinking mind knows that you are the source of everything in your life, the value you place on yourself is the value you radiate to the outside world, others give you nothing, and you go and take your worth.

During my quantum thinking education, I also learned that there are two ways of being rich. One is governed by the primal fear of survival, where one grows up in a poverty mindset and is ready to do anything to never to re-live their childhood experiences. In this scenario, the person is very aggressive about earnings, life is a constant battle of survival, and even though they have millions in their bank account, nothing is ever enough. These individuals, even though they understand that the money energy they attract to themselves is equal to the high value they assign to themselves, they end up living tortured lives.

Where the second model for being materially rich pairs better with quantum thinking. In this version, one simply generates ideas and visions and stays in a vibration of calm and strength as they know that they are in the flow, and all they have to do is to put something out there for it to return as riches. This is the true definition of patience, a state of detached calm, and timelessness, where we are sure of the outcome. People of linear thinking understand patience as endurance to torture, while those that think quantum know that patience is a byproduct of strength and self-confidence.

#7 — Migrate from “you only live once” to serving the collective: Your ego is your only enemy

By reading the book series The Law of One channeled by the thought complex Ra, I learned that the purpose of our lives is to evolve, to be in the service of others, and to love ourselves and everything in existence unconditionally. This quantum mindset goes against the linear capitalist globalization of selfishness that relentlessly pursues economic growth and enslaves us to the rat race (words borrowed from Revolutionary Love: A Political Manifestation to Heal and Transform the World by Rabbi Michael Lerner).

Why is serving other quantum and serving yourself only linear? Because quantum thinking allows one to see the bigger picture. When you have the well-being of the collective as a goal, you strive for unity and you understand that your cooperation is required for the holistic unity of the puzzle. In this mindset, you understand that your loss may be the happiness of the other, where you end up, together, celebrating the win for the benefit of the collective. Whereas in linear thinking, you find excuses such as “I do not have time to think about others”, “I am too old for that”, “I have enough problems on my own”, and “why would I care for that piece of shit”, “that monster deserves death” et al to justify your lack of empathy and care for others. You expect others to understand and value you, while you develop the worldview of “long live the snake that doesn’t touch me” (Turkish proverb).

Do you know who else thinks linear? Aleister Crowley, the satanic ceremony magician. His famous words: Do What Thou Wilt uses our free will as an excuse to justify any action of negative nature, including harming others. In my opinion, everything comes down to the basic plot of all the most successful movies of all time, the battle between good and evil. The evil being linear thinking wants to take it all at the expense of others, and the hero which is all about quantum thinking is ready to sacrifice themselves for the good of the collective.

Thank you, dear reader, for taking the time to read this article. When you engage with my words socially, this conscious worldview spreads to others, so thank you for subscribing to my channel on Medium and my mailing list for your bi-weekly dose of science and spirit. With love, Pinar

Rumi &Coleman Barks

Let’s get to know Coleman Barks, who deeply understands Rumi:

‘’We grew up right next to the Tennessee River, and the beauty of that going-by gave me, early on, a truer sense of the sacred. I had a place I would go to be by myself, and feel that living presence inside me. It is still there. I was, and am, a river mystic. A riparian, riverine aesthetic flows in my writing much more vitally than any Christian influence. The shining reaches are downriver, upriver, under, and spread out into the sky all at once, a definite place, and a station of awareness too.’’

Born and raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee, poet and translator Coleman Barks received a BA from the University of North Carolina and an MA from the University of California, Berkeley, before returning to the University of North Carolina to earn a PhD.

In 1976, poet Robert Bly introduced Barks to the work of 13th-century Sufi mystic poet Jalaluddin Rumi. Barks has since translated more than a dozen volumes of Rumi’s poetry, including The Illuminated Rumi (1997) and The Essential Rumi (1995), often in collaboration with Persian scholar John Moyne. Barks’s translation work was the focus of an episode of Bill Moyers’s PBS series The Language of Life, and he has collaboratively produced his Rumi translations with music and dance ensembles including the Paul Winter Consort and Zuleikha. In 2004 Barks received the Juliet Hollister Award for his work supporting interfaith understanding, and in 2006 the University of Tehran awarded Barks an honorary doctorate in recognition of his contributions to the field of Rumi translation. Barks’s translations are noted for their accessible lyricism.

Barks’s own poetry, influenced by Wordsworth, Whitman, and Rilke, is lyrical, meditative, and steeped in his native Southeastern landscape. Barks has published numerous original poetry collections, including Winter Sky: New and Selected Poems (2008), Gourd Seed (1993), and The Juice (1971). Awards for his poetry include the Guy Owen Prize from the Southern Literary Review, and the New England Review’s prize for narrative poetry. In a 2007 conversation with Gibson Fay-LeBlanc for Guernica magazine, Barks addressed the relationship between his translation work and his original poetry, noting, “It’s like being in an apprenticeship to a master […] [W]ith the Rumi work, I try to get out of the way and disappear, and with my own work, I try to get in the way. I let my shame and ecstasy and disappointment come in, all my emotional states, whereas with Rumi they’re more spiritual states.”

Barks lives in Athens, Georgia, and is a professor emeritus at the University of Georgia. In 2009 he was inducted into the Georgia Writers’ Hall of Fame.

Coleman Barks: Rumi, Grace, And Human Friendship:




Very Online

Five journalists on covering the internet in search of meaning, not viral trends

Ours is a period of increasing noise,” Jason Parham wrote earlier this year, for Wired. “Everything is bleeding into everything around it. All trends, large and small, now suggest a new cultural mood—but only until the next Vaseline-smeared obsession comes along.” Parham is one of several writers tasked with covering the internet and its subcultures—a sprawling beat that defies clear definition. The best of these journalists are immersed in the internet but do not obsess over viral moments, which fly by too fast and seem, in isolation, to be trivial. By focusing on creators, communities, and the algorithm-based platforms that drive trends, these writers find ways to cut through the noise—and surface a deeper understanding of life, online and off.

Recently I spoke with five reporters, each of whom casts a different gaze, drawing from different areas of expertise and defining their own beat within the beat. Journalism, strained for resources, often fails to reflect the diversity of the world, and certainly the internet; as Rebecca Jennings, a reporter for Vox, told me, “I think there needs to be way more people covering this beat that are not middle-class white women and white men that live in New York or LA.” To their credit, the journalists I spoke with aim not to be comprehensive—the internet is simply too vast—but to embrace their idiosyncrasies. Parham is fascinated by “how we think about Black ideas and Black creativity and Black brilliance”—subjects that have traditionally been left out of internet reporting. Jennings is focused on pop culture, the creator economy, and how platforms shape behavior. Through his Garbage Day newsletter, Ryan Broderick takes an anthropological approach to the internet, where content is rarely “new,” but mined and repackaged. In his newsletter, Today in Tabs, Rusty Foster bookmarks links that everyone is (or could be) reading. And Taylor Lorenz, who works for the Washington Post, identifies as a tech reporter—“internet culture,” she’s argued, cannot be distinguished from the culture at large.

Though I talked to each person separately, their responses to my questions seemed to be in conversation with one another, as they spoke about their points of access, their limitations, and how they view the world through the internet. These interviews have been edited and condensed for clarity. 

How would you describe your beat?

Ryan Broderick: What I’m doing used to be considered trend reporting, maybe. There’s a little bit of anthropology to it, because you’re sort of explaining to outsiders, hopefully correctly, what an “in” group is doing. So that’s one part of it. The other part of it is that you’re doing a little bit of systems reporting. 

Robots cuidadores de ancianos

Robots cuidadores de ancianos 

Área del proyecto y justificación: 

El objetivo del proyecto es utilizar robots y  tecnologías robóticas para cuidar a la gente mayor necesitada. Y para apoyar a los familiares que tienen que cuidar a estas personas mayores. 

Este proyecto, de promover el uso de la tecnología robótica para ayudar a las personas mayores, nos concierne a todos. Por supuesto, los jóvenes tienen que estar más interesados. Quizás en este proyecto les espera una muy buena oportunidad laboral.

Turquía será un país viejo como Europa con su población envejecida en el futuro. Se prevé que la población anciana en Turquía sea del 10 % en 2023 y del 16  % en 2040. El hecho de que la proporción de población anciana sobre la población total supere el 10% indica que la población está envejeciendo. Hay al menos una persona mayor en al menos uno de cada cuatro hogares en Turquía.

Con este proyecto, se planea cubrir el 10 % del déficit de enfermeras y humanos en el campo del cuidado de ancianos en Turquía con robots.

Entonces, ¿quién es el público objetivo?

50 % Las personas mayores, 

40%  Grupo joven y de mediana edad,

10 % Los empresas.

Explicación del proyecto:

Hay poca percepción en la sociedad por los adultos mayores y las personas necesitadas de cuidados. Cuando miramos las nuevas iniciativas de jóvenes y jóvenes, vemos muy pocos proyectos para las personas mayores.

 Con este proyecto, los robots reducirán la carga de las residencias de ancianos y hospitales.

 Los robots útiles e inteligentes para personas mayores pueden reducir la escasez de hospitales y hogares de ancianos. También puede mejorar la atención domiciliaria y alentar a las personas mayores a llevar una vida independiente.

 Por lo tanto, podemos decir que un proyecto robótico hemos creado con fines bastante específicos. Su finalidad es crear robots que cumplan con tareas bastante diversas pero eficaces. 

 Por otro lado, la tecnología robótica es una muy buena técnica a causa de su sustentabilidad.

 Es posible que los problemas experimentados en el cuidado de personas mayores puedan eliminarse en un 10 % con robots en los próximos 5 años.

 ¿Qué pueden hacer estos robots?

 ■Estos robots, que tienen valores y sensibilidades culturales y tendrán la capacidad de chatear, podrán participar en el cuidado de pacientes y ancianos de manera muy equipada y efectiva.

■Los robots de atención al paciente que se desarrollarán podrán satisfacer todo tipo de necesidades de los pacientes (como seguir las horas de medicación y administrar los medicamentos adecuados al paciente) y al mismo tiempo podrán entablar amistades con los pacientes.

■Los robots podrán comunicarse con los ancianos a través del habla y las expresiones faciales, así como ver señales que indiquen que no están bien o tienen dolor.

 Mientras se viven estos problemas sobre la ciudad de los mayores en Turquía, Japón se encuentra entre los países que alientan a los jóvenes emprendedores a desarrollar proyectos para el cuidado de personas mayores. Antes de que comenzara el proyecto, hablamos con sus directores en Japón. Respondieron positivamente a este proyecto.

Por un lado, planeamos encontrar un área para una fábrica en Adapazarı para la producción conjunta con Japón.

Después de que el proyecto haya existido, organismos internacionales como la ONU y UNICEF apoyarán y brindarán ayuda financiera a quienes desarrollen proyectos para personas mayores, con voluntarios después del proyecto. 

 Por última, este proyecto será el primero en Turquía,

1-Se seleccionará el área piloto, y se comprará y restaurará el centro comercial no utilizado y el terreno a su alrededor como un hogar de cuidado de robots.

2-En primer lugar, se determinarán los líderes que hayan recibido formación en psicología y enfermería.

3-Se contratarán desarrolladores de software para tecnología robótica.

4-Se establecerá una fábrica en Adapazarı para la producción conjunta con Japón.

Los p@dres de internet


Si a Vinton Cerf, un ingeniero matemático que se graduó en la Universidad de Stanford en California en 1966, no le hubiera molestado mucho que su esposa, que nació sorda, tuviera dificultades para comunicarse con el mundo exterior, ahora no tendríamos internet.  Cerf quería encontrar una solución.

Por eso Cerf, que empezó a trabajar en este tema, trabajó en la transferencia de datos y la comunicación entre ordenadores para asentarse sobre unos cimientos determinados.

En este proceso, el ejército estadounidense estableció una gran red local similar a Internet en 1969. Sin embargo, dado que este sistema era una red de comunicación puramente de seguridad, tenía una estructura que estaba confinada dentro de sus propias fronteras.

Cerf usó el trabajo de los militares como inspiración para su investigación y comenzó a difundir el sistema para que su esposa pudiera comunicarse con otras personas. Este estudio, que también atrajo la atención de otros científicos, comenzó a utilizarse oficialmente en 1970. Este sistema, inventado por Cerf, facilitó la comunicación y el intercambio entre computadoras.

Si NO hubiera inventado este sistema la comunicación no sería ningún intercambio entre computadoras.

World Wide Web

Por otro lado, el concepto de la web, tal como lo conocemos, surgió con el trabajo de Tim Berners-Lee, un programador informático de los laboratorios CERN del Centro Europeo de Investigación Nuclear. El inventor de la World Wide Web (WWW), Sir Tim Berners-Lee, escribió un artículo en 1989 mientras trabajaba como ingeniero de software en el Centro Europeo para la Investigación Nuclear (CERN), proponiendo establecer un “sistema de gestión de la información” en línea. Berners-Lee había implementado la red “Mesh”. También desarrolló muchas otras tecnologías que son la base de Internet.

¿Qué hubiese pasado si Cerf no hubiese conocido a Tim?  

Si estos hombres NO SE hubiesen conocido el uno al otro, sus nombres hoy no serían conocidos. No estarían haciendo un trabajo útil para el mundo y la humanidad. Uno se llama el padre de Internet y el otro se llama el padre de WEB.

¿Si estos dos pioneros hubieran regresado a su juventud ?

Tim Berners Lee y Vinton Cerf, a quien se considera el “padre” de Internet. Si estos dos pioneros hubieran regresado a su juventud, ¿qué habrían hecho diferente con respecto a la web e internet?

Las condiciones y expectativas mundiales hace 30 años han cambiado fundamentalmente con la aparición de las redes sociales en los últimos 15 años con la contribución de la web e internet. El optimismo dio paso a un profundo pesimismo.

Gracias a la web e internet, ahora es posible que la mitad de la población mundial acceda a información y datos en una escala sin precedentes desde que se fundó el mundo. El aumento de la ciencia, la tecnología, la producción y el intercambio de información que alcanza dimensiones imposibles de rastrear es producto de la digitalización.

Las noticias falsas y la desinformación política en línea podrían no existir si las Corporaciones Privadas no hubieran comenzado a privatizar este espacio público presionando a los Estados. 

En años recientes Berners-Lee está trabajando para garantizar que el futuro no se convierta en una pesadilla, que él describe como una “distopía digital”. El “Contrato para la Web” tiene como objetivo salvar Internet. Si tiene éxito, no solo se puede resolver el problema de la comercialización, sino también los problemas de las noticias falsas y la manipulación política en el mundo en línea.

Me parece que si no hubiera malas personas oscuras en el mundo, no habría “sitios web oscuros” donde se realizan negocios ilegales. Rusia no habría sido una de las fuentes más temidas de noticias falsas y propaganda en Internet durante mucho tiempo, si no hubiera sido por un país en guerra.

Berners Lee dice que:

“La web ahora tiene una estructura que no diseñamos.  Creo que los temores de la gente de que sucedan cosas malas en Internet están creciendo. Hay muchas cosas que podrían salir mal si dejamos la web como está hoy. Si no cambiamos las cosas, podríamos enfrentarnos a una distopía digital. No necesitamos un plan de 10 años para la web. Tenemos que cambiar la web ahora mismo”.

Sİ! La Web nos ofrecía igualdad, diversidad y transparencia y su finalidad era el acceso a la información.  Sİ! Desafortunadamente se convirtió en distopía!

Açık Veri ve Veri Gazeteciliği


Maurice Oniang’o
Küresel Araştırmacı Gazetecilik Ağı (GIJN)

Yanlış bilgilendirme ve dezenformasyon kampanyalarını araştıran araştırmacı gazeteciler için bunların arkasında kimin olduğunu belirlemek önemlidir. Ancak bu yeterli değil, çevrim içi dedektif Craig Silverman 12. Küresel Araştırmacı Gazetecilik Konferansı’nda (#GIJC21) uyarıyor. ProPublica’da muhabir olan Silverman, aynı derecede önemli olanın ilgili kişilerin motivasyonlarını anlamak olduğunu söylüyor.

Silverman, bu kampanyalardaki en yaygın unsurun yanlış bağlam içerdiğini açıklıyor. Gerçeklere dayalı bir ifadenin veya doğru bir alıntının orijinal anlamından veya ortamından arındırıldığı ve yanlış yönlendirme için yeniden tasarlandığı yere dikkat çekiyor. “Yani, yanlış bilgi ve dezenformasyonu araştırmayı veya izlemeyi düşündüğünüzde, bu bağlamı göz önünde bulundurmalısınız” diyor. “Çünkü yalnızca %100 yanlış olan şeyler arıyorsanız, yalnızca haber olduğunu iddia eden bir şey arıyorsanız, oradaki çoğu detayı kaçıracaksınız.” 

Silverman, Harvard Shorenstein Medya, Politika ve Kamu Politikası Merkezi’nde çevrim içi mitler ve sahte haberlerle ilgili araştırmalarda uzmanlaşmış kıdemli bir araştırma görevlisi olan gazeteci Jane Lytvynenko tarafından GIJC21’de bir GIJC21 çalıştayına katıldı. Lytvynenko, yanlış bilgi ve dezenformasyonun genellikle stratejik olarak yayıldığını belirtti. “Kampanyaların planlandığı aşamalar var ve ardından sosyal medyaya yayıldığı, gazetecilerin yanıtlarıyla karşılaşabileceğimiz aşamalar var” dedi. “Ve elbette, pek çok kampanya, sırf onları çürüttüğümüz için ortadan kalkmıyor. Bunun yerine uyum sağlıyorlar.”

İki gazeteci bu kampanyaların kökenine inmek için bir dizi ipucu ve araç sundu.

Dezenformasyonu Ortadan Kaldırmak İçin İpuçları:

Videolar ve Fotoğraflar

Videoları ve fotoğrafları doğrulamaya çalışırken gazeteciler kendilerine şunu sormalıdır: Orijinal bir resim mi yoksa video mu? İçeriği kim ve ne zaman ele geçirdi? Ve son olarak, görüntü veya video nerede çekildi. Bu, coğrafi konumunu belirlemeye yardımcı olabilir.

Lytvynenko ve Silverman, Chrome ile çalışan bir doğrulama eklentisi olan WeVerify aracını önerdi. Eklenti yükledikten sonra kullanıcılara TinEyeBing ve Yandex dahil olmak üzere çeşitli arama motorları aracılığıyla bir fotoğraf çalıştırma seçeneği sunar ve ayrıca kullanıcının görüntünün belirli bir bölümünü vurgulamasına ve yalnızca görseli aramaya olanak tanıyor. Yandex ayrıca yüz tanıma özelliğine de sahip, ancak bu teknoloji hala ek doğrulama gerektiriyor. Lytvynenko, “Görsel aramadaki en önemli şeylerden biri, WeVerify arama uzantısının yapmanıza izin verdiğinin yani Google’ın ötesine geçmektir”.

Sosyal Medya Hesapları

Yanlış bilgileri çürütürken sosyal medya hesaplarının bilgileri paylaşan veya paylaşanları araştırmak iyi bir başlangıç ​​noktasıdır. İlk olarak, doğrulanmış bir hesap olup olmadığını kontrol edin: Hesabın gerçekten sahibi olduğunu iddia eden kişiye mi ait? Hesap ne zaman oluşturuldu? Nerede olduklarını söylüyor? Ve ayrıntılı bir geçmiş kontrolü yapın: Ağları onlar hakkında ne diyor? Onlar kiminle arkadaş? Kimlerle düzenli olarak konuşuyorlar, ne paylaşıyorlar, beğeniyorlar mı? Örüntüler neler? Düzenli olarak ve hangi konularda gönderi yayınlıyorlar?

Silverman, “Bazen iddia ettikleri kişi ile hesapta gördüğünüz içerik türü arasında bir miktar kopukluk veya çelişki olabilir, bunlar, izlemek isteyeceğiniz türden şeyler.”

Twitonomy, gazetecilerin incelemekte oldukları bir Twitter hesabının ayrıntılı ve görselleştirilmiş analitiğini elde etmek için kullanabilecekleri bir araç. Silverman, “Size ne sıklıkta tweet attıklarını, ne zaman tweet attıklarını, hangi hesaplara yanıt verdiklerini, kimleri retweetlediklerini söyler, ayrıca size ne zaman tweet attıklarının bir dökümünü verebilir ve bu, hangi saat diliminde olduklarını anlamanıza yardımcı olacaktır.”